## Richard Rusczyk – Inspired by Math #39

I never did much math competition in middle school or high school although I did score well on the MAA competition and on the Math SAT and I went to public junior and high schools that you had to test into. Nonetheless, I have always been fascinated by the world of math geniuses. Richard Rusczyk started a school, Art of Problem Solving, to serve kids who love math, love solving math problems, and maybe want to compete. Richard and I spent an hour diving into the world of elite math competitions and what it takes to succeed in them. I got to scratch the itch that is my fascination with these contests and you get to listen in. A win win.

- Have you always loved math? What's the earliest memory you have of loving math?
- What is Art of Problem Science (AoPS) and what inspired you to start the school?
- What's your experience of math competitions?
- What does it take to score really well on a math competition? How much is brain power, how much is discipline, how much is having seen lots of different problems, how much is tricks and techniques?
- How many hours a day/week do students typically spend preparing for math competitions?
- AoPS is not just about competitions, is it?
- Brag a bit about how many students you've prepped for competitions who have done really well.
- Tell us about your courses, books, videos, community, and other offerings.

## About Richard Rusczyk

Art of Problem Solving was founded by Richard Rusczyk in 2003 to create interactive educational opportunities for avid math students. Richard Rusczyk is one of the co-authors of the Art of Problem Solving classic textbooks, author of Art of Problem Solving's Introduction to Algebra, Introduction to Geometry, and Precalculus textbooks, co-author of Art of Problem Solving's Intermediate Algebra and Prealgebra, one of the co-creators of the Mandelbrot Competition, and a past Director of the USA Mathematical Talent Search. He was a participant in National MATHCOUNTS, a three-time participant in the Math Olympiad Summer Program, and a USA Mathematical Olympiad winner (1989). He graduated from Princeton University in 1993, and worked as a bond trader for D.E. Shaw & Company for four years. AoPS marks Richard's return to his vocation - educating motivated students.

## About "Art of Problem Solving"

You find a math problem in a book, or maybe on a contest, or maybe your teacher tells you the problem. You work on it for a half-hour. Then another half-hour. It bugs you and bugs you because you know that other kid who wins all the trophies knows how to do the problem. You want to win the trophies, too, but that's not why you spend another half-hour on the problem. You want to know the answer. More than just the answer, you want to know how to do the problem.

Finally, you give up and look up the answer. The solution mostly makes sense, but you're not entirely satisfied. You may not even know why you're not satisfied. You're not satisfied because the solution didn't answer the most important question...

How would I have thought of that?

The creators of this site were this student once. We were the kids who wanted to win the trophies. We worked hard and became the kids who won the trophies. The trophies are in attics now. The problem-solving skills, the love of mathematics, and the friendships forged with peers with similar interests remain. We've applied the skills we've developed through mathematics to a variety of fields in college, then in the professional world. (More.)

## Sue VanHattum – Inspired by Math #38

Sue VanHattum is a math professor, blogger, mother, author/editor, and fundraiser. She's a real powerhouse of motivation for making math fun and accessible to more of our young folks. Sue has teamed up with a number of writers to compile a book, "Playing With Math," which she is producing in partnership with Maria Droujkova in a community sponsored publication model.

Sue and I shared a delightful chat about what math is, what the book is about, and how we can all get more inspired to engage in math with our kids. And, Sue sprinkles the conversation with some interesting open-ended math problems. Think part coffee table conversation part math circle.

## About Sue VanHattum

"I love teaching math, yet throughout my twenty-some years of teaching I've struggled with the fact that what I want to teach is problem solving but what I do teach most of the time is how to follow recipes (here’s how you find the slope or the vertex, here’s how you factor, and so on). Until recently, I never felt that I had made much progress in resolving this dilemma. In early 2008, I started reading Living Math Forum, an email group where participants discuss how to help their children learn math. In the years since that discovery, my life has been full of math-play adventures. I’m still learning how to bring that spirit into my students’ lives."

## About "Playing With Math"

From PlayingWithMath.org

**Why play with math? Because play is the best way to learn.**

From the introduction of the book:

Math, more than any other subject, has to be approached by each student at their own pace, and in their own way. There may be one right answer, but there are more ways to think about the path from question to answer than you’d expect.

**What is math?**

Most people think it’s adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing; knowing your times tables; knowing how to divide fractions; knowing how to follow the rules to find the answer. Math is so much more than that! Math is seeing patterns, solving puzzles, using logic, finding ways to connect disparate ideas, and so much more. People who do math play with infinity, shapes, map coloring, tiling, and probability; they analyze how things change over time, or how one particular change will affect a whole system. Math is about concepts, connections, patterns. It can be a game, a language, an art form. Everything is connected, often in surprising and beautiful ways. The stories in this book will be full of examples that show math from these angles. More.

## Reserve a copy of the book

Go to Incited.org

## Other links of interest

## Lou DiGioia – Inspired by Math #37

Lou DiGioia, executive director of MATHCOUNTS, and I tried to do a podcast a couple of months ago. The audio had some serious problems and we produced a transcript instead. It was a great discussion although I asked way too much about the human Pascal's triangle that made a Guiness World record.

Anyway, the second time was a charm, and we produced a good audio discussing all things related to MATHCOUNTS and how the organization inspires kids to improve their relationship with Math. If you read the transcript, or even if you didn't, check out the podcast!

## About Lou DiGioia

As executive director of MATHCOUNTS®, Lou DiGioia leads the largest nonprofit organization dedicated to extracurricular middle school mathematics. As a former Mathlete®, DiGioia is the first executive director to have participated the MATHCOUNTS Competition Series as a student. During his tenure, he led the creation of The National Math Club, which builds student enthusiasm for math by providing schools with free resources to hold afterschool math clubs; and the Math Video Challenge, an online competition that has teams create innovative teaching videos based on MATHCOUNTS problems. In 2013, he orchestrated the organization’s successful Guinness World Record attempt of the fastest time to create the first 25 rows of Pascal’s Triangle in human formation. DiGioia holds a BA from Georgetown University and an MBA from George Mason University.

## About MATHCOUNTS

[From the overview page.]

The MATHCOUNTS Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization that strives to engage middle school students of all ability and interest levels in fun, challenging math programs, in order to expand their academic and professional opportunities. Middle school students exist at a critical juncture in which their love for mathematics must be nurtured, or their fear of mathematics must be overcome. MATHCOUNTS provides students with the kinds of experiences that foster growth and transcend fear to lay a foundation for future success.

For more than 30 years MATHCOUNTS has provided enriching, extracurricular opportunities to students and free, high-quality resources to educators. Every child is unique, but we believe all children are capable of seeing the beauty and joy of math, whether they come to us already passionate about math, or intimidated by it.

There are many paths to math. We work to ensure that all students discover theirs.

## Al Cuoco – Inspired by Math #36

The MAA (Mathematical Association of America) sent me a review copy of their new book "Learning Modern Algebra: From Early Attempts to Prove Fermat's Last Theorem." I don't typically review textbooks but the title and then the contents of the book convinced me that I needed to interview the authors. Joe Rotman wasn't available but I was able to chat with the other co-author, Al Cuoco. I was really struck with Al's passion about teaching the teachers as well as the students. Al shared some great insights about the ingredients that I think should go into every math textbook to help teachers and students to develop the right habits of mind to succeed.

Here are some of the questions we discussed.

1. What is your background and your experience teaching high school math to students and to teachers?

2. I attended the Ross program and you have a key role in a program that has its roots in the Ross program. Tell me about this program and your involvement with it.

3. There's something special about number theory and algebra that makes it accessible to bright students without a deep background in math. What do you think of that thought?

4. What is "Learning Modern Algebra" about and who is the audience?

5. How does Fermat's Last Theorem unite the book's chapters?

6. What are the challenges with how Modern Algebra is taught?

7. Why is exploration so important and how do you promote it?

8. Rigorous thinking about open-ended problems runs through the book. PODASIP (prove or disprove and salvage if possible) problems contribute to this. Can you speak to that?

9. Why is historical setting important in learning math and how do you weave history into the book?

10. Tell us about the importance of the "Connections" sections in the book.

11. Is there a next book or project?

12. The question I ask everyone: "What advice would you give to a parent whose child was struggling with math?"

## About Al Cuoco

From the EDC web-site:

Al Cuoco is the lead author of CME Project, a National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded high school curriculum published by Pearson. Recently, he served as part of a team that revised the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences (CBMS) recommendations for teacher preparation and professional development.

Cuoco is carrying out several professional development streams of work devoted to the implementation of the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) Standards for Mathematical Practice, including EDC’s Mathematical Practice Institute (MPI). Through the MPI, he and his colleagues have launched a new course for teachers and facilitators, Developing Mathematical Practice in High School.

He co-directs Focus on Mathematics, a partnership among universities, school districts, and EDC that has established a community of mathematical practice involving mathematicians, teachers, and mathematics educators. The partnership evolved from his 25-year collaboration with Glenn Stevens on Boston University’s PROMYS for Teachers, a professional development program for teachers based on an immersion experience in mathematics. He also co-directs the development of the course for secondary teachers in the Institute for Advanced Study program at the Park City Mathematics Institute. More

## About "Learning Modern Algebra"

Learning Modern Algebra aligns with the CBMS Mathematical Education of Teachers–II recommendations, in both content and practice. It emphasizes rings and fields over groups, and it makes explicit connections between the ideas of abstract algebra and the mathematics used by high school teachers. It provides opportunities for prospective and practicing teachers to experience mathematics for themselves, before the formalities are developed, and it is explicit about the mathematical habits of mind that lie beneath the definitions and theorems.

This book is designed for prospective and practicing high school mathematics teachers, but it can serve as a text for standard abstract algebra courses as well. The presentation is organized historically: the Babylonians introduced Pythagorean triples to teach the Pythagorean theorem; these were classified by Diophantus, and eventually this led Fermat to conjecture his Last Theorem. The text shows how much of modern algebra arose in attempts to prove this; it also shows how other important themes in algebra arose from questions related to teaching. Indeed, modern algebra is a very useful tool for teachers, with deep connections to the actual content of high school mathematics, as well as to the mathematics teachers use in their profession that doesn't necessarily "end up on the blackboard." More

## David Reimer – Inspired by Math #35

I love novel ways of looking at arithmetic. I'm fascinated with how computers compute in binary, with tricks for simplifying calculations and with how Vedic mathematicians handle difficult arithmetic efficiently. So, when Princeton University Press sent me a review copy of their new book "Count Like An Egyptian," I immediately fell in love with it. I was delighted to learn even more techniques and the ideas behind them to deepen my appreciation of the beauty of what most consider to be mundane arithmetic.

"Count Like an Egyptian" is a delightful book, full of color illustrations, fun stories, lots of hands-on exercises, and an appreciation for the power of simple but deep ideas.

David Reimer was a pleasure to interview. He is a brilliant mathematician who hasn't lost sight of the power and beauty of mathematics. He taught me and modeled that, despite the stereotype, the more advanced mathematicians are the ones who are more likely to communicate ideas well.

We discussed these questions plus some nice tangents!

1. How did you get interested enough in Egyptian computation to write a book about it? What is the book about and who is the audience?

2. You're a math professor. What courses do you teach and at what level?

3. You researched the Rhind Papyrus to figure out how Egyptians did computations. Where did you get a hold of the Papyrus? How much time did you spend unraveling its secrets?

4. I'm fascinated with the idea that children can learn to do multiplication and division by just learning to double and add numbers. How did we develop such a cumbersome system of multiplication that requires memorizing tables?

5. I find it interesting that computers doing multiplication (and all other arithmetic) in binary equates to Egyptians doubling and adding numbers. Can you connect the dots for our listeners? (Nice video here, btw: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EDLLPnfpMfU)

6. Tell us about how Egyptians worked with fractions and why it was so novel.

7. One reviewer said this: "Of course our system is more apt for us (or for machines) to do calculations just following recipes, which need no insight or wit, but what we lose is that the Egyptian system keeps the practitioner sharp, forcing him or her to think about the problem and the result of the calculations." What do you think of the statement?

8. In addition to exploring Egyptian computation you also write about other mathematical systems. Tell us about those.

9. Is there a next book or big project?

10. The question I ask everyone: What advice would you give to a parent whose child was struggling with math in school?

## About David Reimer

In high school I was a mediocre student at best. But I did far better on my SATs than was expected. I passed a number of AP exams never having taken any AP courses but learning from published study guides. This got me into Colgate. I started as a computer science major but quickly found that I knew more than my professors, at least in practical computing. I toyed with becoming a physics major, winning the school’s award for the best freshman physics student. I eventually settled on math as everyone in my family did.

Over the summers I worked at Creative Computing, which was then the largest computer magazine in the world and for Prudential Insurance, where I wrote the database for the central office’s purchasing department. I passed two actuarial exams and was offered a job but decided to take a try as a freelance programmer. On one project, which we spent six months on, the company cancelled and refused to pay us. Desperately needing money I taught night school calculus as an adjunct. I immediately knew that this is what I wanted to do for the rest of my life.

I got into the graduate math program at Rutgers. While most grad students taught recitations and graded papers, the department noticed my teaching skill and gave me my own higher level classes even giving me a 300-level course. I finished up my Phd. thesis while making some money as a full instructor first at Rutgers and then at Middlesex Community College. While there I was told that my proof of the Vandenberg-Kesten conjecture won the Polya Prize in Discrete Mathematics which is given every four years to what is considered to be the best work in discrete math during that period. The conjecture is a generalization of a probabilistic proposition often used in percolation, the theory of how things like epidemics and fires spread. Being overly simplistic it basically says that given two events that can happen anywhere but not in the same place, the probability of both happening is less than what would be expected if they were independent events. Based on this theorem I got what most would call a post doc at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton (where Einstein worked) and then a job at the College of New Jersey where I am today.

Contact info: http://mathstat.pages.tcnj.edu/faculty-profiles/faculty/dave-reimer/

## About "Count Like an Egyptian"

(From the Princeton University Press book page)

The mathematics of ancient Egypt was fundamentally different from our math today. Contrary to what people might think, it wasn't a primitive forerunner of modern mathematics. In fact, it can't be understood using our current computational methods. Count Like an Egyptian provides a fun, hands-on introduction to the intuitive and often-surprising art of ancient Egyptian math. David Reimer guides you step-by-step through addition, subtraction, multiplication, and more. He even shows you how fractions and decimals may have been calculated--they technically didn't exist in the land of the pharaohs. You'll be counting like an Egyptian in no time, and along the way you'll learn firsthand how mathematics is an expression of the culture that uses it, and why there's more to math than rote memorization and bewildering abstraction.

Reimer takes you on a lively and entertaining tour of the ancient Egyptian world, providing rich historical details and amusing anecdotes as he presents a host of mathematical problems drawn from different eras of the Egyptian past. Each of these problems is like a tantalizing puzzle, often with a beautiful and elegant solution. As you solve them, you'll be immersed in many facets of Egyptian life, from hieroglyphs and pyramid building to agriculture, religion, and even bread baking and beer brewing.

Fully illustrated in color throughout, Count Like an Egyptian also teaches you some Babylonian computation--the precursor to our modern system--and compares ancient Egyptian mathematics to today's math, letting you decide for yourself which is better.

## Tim Chartier – Inspired by Math #34

My favorite kind of Math challenges are those that children can understand and professional mathematicians can't solve easily (or at all.) Math Bytes: Google Bombs, Chocolate-Covered Pi, and Other Cool Bits in Computing is a brand new book from Princeton University Press that has a great collection of fun problems that kids (middle school and above) and their parents can work on together. Author Tim Chartier does a fantastic job of weaving some wonderful stories into his sharing of a number of challenges that are either original or new spins on old problems. And, many (all?) of the puzzles in the book are classroom tested.

Tim is a mathematician and a professional mime. He's got a neat relationship with the Mathematical Association of America, and with the Museum of Mathematics in New York City. He's got a DVD course coming out, and a second book. Tim is quite the math celebrity and a really great guy. I think you'll all enjoy the many topics we manage to touch on in just over an hour. Oh, and if you didn't win a billion dollars in Warren Buffett's March Madness challenge then you might want to listen to the podcast and read the book.

## About Tim Chartier

[From http://sites.davidson.edu/mathmovement/about]

Tim Chartier is an Associate Professor in the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science at Davidson College. In 2014, he was named the inaugural Mathematical Association of America’s Math Ambassador. He is a recipient of a national teaching award from the Mathematical Association of America. Published by Princeton University Press, Tim authored Math Bytes: Google Bombs, Chocolate-Covered Pi, and Other Cool Bits in Computing and coauthored Numerical Methods: Design, Analysis, and Computer Implementation of Algorithms with Anne Greenbaum. As a researcher, Tim has worked with both Lawrence Livermore and Los Alamos National Laboratories on the development and analysis of computational methods targeted to increase efficiency and robustness of numerical simulation on the lab’s supercomputers, which are among the fastest in the world. Tim’s research with and beyond the labs was recognized with an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship. (More)

## About Math Bytes

[From The Princeton University Press Web-site]

This book provides a fun, hands-on approach to learning how mathematics and computing relate to the world around us and help us to better understand it. How can reposting on Twitter kill a movie's opening weekend? How can you use mathematics to find your celebrity look-alike? What is Homer Simpson's method for disproving Fermat's Last Theorem? Each topic in this refreshingly inviting book illustrates a famous mathematical algorithm or result--such as Google's PageRank and the traveling salesman problem--and the applications grow more challenging as you progress through the chapters. But don't worry, helpful solutions are provided each step of the way.

Math Bytes shows you how to do calculus using a bag of chocolate chips, and how to prove the Euler characteristic simply by doodling. Generously illustrated in color throughout, this lively and entertaining book also explains how to create fractal landscapes with a roll of the dice, pick a competitive bracket for March Madness, decipher the math that makes it possible to resize a computer font or launch an Angry Bird--and much, much more. All of the applications are presented in an accessible and engaging way, enabling beginners and advanced readers alike to learn and explore at their own pace--a bit and a byte at a time.

## Other Links

- Tim Chartier at the Huffington Post
- Tim on twitter
- Mime-matics on Vimeo
- Work with the ESPN show Sports Science and a podcast about it
- The list of national media interest in March Madness

## Chuck Adler – Inspired by Math #33

I've admitted before that Physics and I have never gotten along. But, science fiction is something I enjoy. So, when Princeton University Press sent me a copy of Physics Professor Chuck Adler's new book "Wizards, Aliens, and Starships," I was intrigued enough that I wanted to interview the author. This interview rambled, but in a good way. Chuck is a great guest, he's passionate about physics and math as well as fantasy and science fiction. We flowed through a number of subjects and had a grand time.

Enjoy!

## About Chuck Adler

Chuck Adler grew up in the DC suburbs, and went to a very good public high school. He attended Brown University, where he got a bachelor of science in Physics, and then stayed there for graduate school, eventually getting a Ph. D. in laser physics. Dr. Adler has been a faculty member at St. Mary's College since 1997; his research area is atomic physics and light scattering, particularly atmospheric optics (rainbows, ice crystal halo displays and the like). He was the chair of the 10th international "Light and Color in the Open Air" conference in 2010. In addition to science fiction, he enjoys mysteries and historical novels, plus almost any technical book on almost any subject, particularly cookbooks, of which he owns several hundred. He enjoys cooking a great deal, particularly baking bread.

## About "Wizards, Aliens, and Starships"

From teleportation and space elevators to alien contact and interstellar travel, science fiction and fantasy writers have come up with some brilliant and innovative ideas. Yet how plausible are these ideas--for instance, could Mr. Weasley's flying car in the Harry Potter books really exist? Which concepts might actually happen, and which ones wouldn't work at all? Wizards, Aliens, and Starships delves into the most extraordinary details in science fiction and fantasy--such as time warps, shape changing, rocket launches, and illumination by floating candle--and shows readers the physics and math behind the phenomena. More...

## Colm Mulcahy – Inspired by Math #32

I had the pleasure of interviewing mathematician and mathematical card magic innovator Colm Mulcahy. Dr. Mulcahy just published a book, Mathematical Card Magic: Fifty-Two New Effects.

We spent a delightful hour discussing his book, his love of math and magic, and the inspiration behind writing the book. Plus, Dr. Mulcahy shares a few challenges listeners might enjoy chewing on, sprinkled throughout the interview. And, we discuss Martin Gardner, who Colm Mulcahy knew for the last decade of his life and met with several times.

You may also enjoy Shecky's text interview with Colm Mulcahy at Math Tango.

Enjoy!

## About Colm Mulcahy

From http://cardcolm.org/Bio.html

Colm Mulcahy is professor of mathematics at Spelman College, in Atlanta, where he has taught since 1988. He trained in algebra, and has also written papers on CAGC and wavelets. Over the last decade, he has been at the forefront of publishing original "mathemagical" principles and effects, particularly in his long-running bi-monthly Card Colm for the Mathematical Association of America (MAA). He also blogs at the Aperiodical and the Huffington Post.

He's particularly active in Gathering for Gardner and the associated Celebration of Mind initiative, and getting more involved in Maths Week Ireland and Julia Robinson Mathematics Festival outreach activities.

In 1997, Dr. Mulcahy received the MAA's Allendoerfer Award for excellence in expository writing, for an article on wavelets from Mathematics Magazine (Dec 1996). His interests include algebra, number and geometry. He earned a B.Sc. and M.Sc. in mathematical science from University College Dublin, in his native Ireland, and a Ph.D. from Cornell University for research in the abstract algebraic theory of quadratic forms.

Twitter: @CardColm

http://www.cardcolm.org

http://www.spelman.edu/academics/faculty/colm-mulcahy

http://www.maa.org/columns/colm/cardcolm.html

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/colm-mulcahy/

http://aperiodical.com/category/columns/maths-colm

Celebration of Mind

## About Mathematical Card Magic: Fifty-Two New Effects

Mathematical card effects offer both beginning and experienced magicians an opportunity to entertain with a minimum of props. Featuring mostly original creations, Mathematical Card Magic: Fifty-Two New Effects presents an entertaining look at new mathematically based card tricks.

Each chapter contains four card effects, generally starting with simple applications of a particular mathematical principle and ending with more complex ones. Practice a handful of the introductory effects and, in no time, you’ll establish your reputation as a "mathemagician." Delve a little deeper into each chapter and the mathematics gets more interesting. The author explains the mathematics as needed in an easy-to-follow way. He also provides additional details, background, and suggestions for further explorations.

Suitable for recreational math buffs and amateur card lovers or as a text in a first-year seminar, this color book offers a diverse collection of new mathemagic principles and effects.

## Kiki Prottsman – Inspired by Math #31

When I interviewed Ken Fan of Girls' Angle I learned about Kiki and her wonderful work. Kiki is passionate about improving people's relationships to computers, beyond basic literacy to programming and understanding how computers think. While our interview was largely about computers and not math, we both realized that at the core of both is a blend of logical and creative thinking.

Kiki's passion for changing experiences, especially those of young girls, is contagious. Listen and tell us if you agree.

## About Kiki Prottsman

Determined to change the face of STEM in a positive way, Kiki is a champion for responsible computing and equity in both STEM employment and education.

Having dedicated her life to showing women how impressive they are, Kiki is an active role model on FabFems. Her enthusiasm for science and technology become contagious as she introduces under-represented participants to unlikely subjects.

With experience using both sides of her brain, Kiki came to computer science for the artistry of problem solving. She spends her days not only as the Executive Director and Founder of Thinkersmith, but also teaching computer science to undergraduates at the University of Oregon.

## Kiki's Links

Thinkersmith

Thinkersmith Resources

Kiki at FabFems

Thinking Myself

Picture Me in Computing

Kikis'TED Profile

## Michelle Montgomery & Katie Fowler – Inspired by Math #30

Math contests can be a lot of fun. SIAM, the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, puts on a contest every year for teams of high school juniors and seniors to propose a solution to a pressing real world problem. The contest promotes lots of hard work, collaboration, and smart thinking. And, the winners get a bunch of scholarship money along with a hefty dose of glory. My two podcast guests have key roles in running the contest. It's a great thing that Michelle Montgomery and Katie Fowler are doing to prepare future generations to take on the world's challenges.

Enjoy!

## About Michelle Montgomery

Michelle Montgomery wrote the initial proposal and is project director for Moody’s Mega Math (M 3) Challenge. This is an extension of her work as director of marketing for the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM). Her responsibilities focus on fulfilling the mission of SIAM, which includes inspiring young people to study and pursue careers in applied mathematics and computational science.

Since joining the staff in 1988, Michelle has been involved in promoting SIAM publications, conferences, and membership -- all of which are focused on high level applications of math. The M^{3} Challenge is SIAM’s biggest outreach to students in high school. Other outreach efforts include series of interesting vignettes that explain the math behind everyday life, interesting research being done, and generally highlight the value of computational sciences to our world. These efforts go under the names “Math Matters” and “Nuggets” on the SIAM Public Awareness pages.

Moving forward, Michelle hopes to participate in changing the way students, teachers, and the public look at math education through integration of more math modeling activities in STEM/STEAM curriculum, and more public awareness efforts to demonstrate the importance of work being done by computational professionals.

Michelle lives in the suburbs of Philadelphia with her two teenage children, with whom she spends much of her free time. She is passionate about literacy and education, and serves on the board of trustees for her local public library.

## About Katie Fowler

Katie Fowler joined the Department of Mathematics at Clarkson University in the fall of 2003 having graduated from North Carolina State University with a PhD in Computational Applied Mathematics. Her efforts as a mathematician are split between the scientific community and service to the campus and local communities, including educational outreach grants bringing over $3M to northern New York. She co-directs an integrated math-physics roller coaster engineering camp for 50+ local 7-12 grade students every summer.

Katie received the Clarkson University Outstanding New Teacher award in 2005, and in 2010 the Mathematical Association of America honored her with the Henry L. Alder Award for Distinguished Teaching by a Beginning College or University Mathematics Faculty Member. The most rewarding part of being a professor to her is mentoring students, including supervising undergraduate projects. She has co-authored eight peer-reviewed papers with undergraduate research students in the last ten years.

Her research focus is applied optimization with an emphasis on developing hybrid derivative-free techniques for simulation-based engineering problems. Although her work has spanned multiple disciplines including psychology, polymer processing, and biology, she is most passionate about environmental applications. She has developed algorithims to tackle remediation of contaminated groundwater and is currently working on sustainable water practices for the agricultural management.

In her spare time, Katie enjoys running, cooking, travelling (to eat new things), and trying to convince her two girls to broaden their culinary experiences.

## About SIAM

The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) is an international community of over 13,000 individual members. Almost 500 academic, manufacturing, research and development, service and consulting organizations, government, and military organizations worldwide are institutional members.

SIAM fosters the development of applied mathematical and computational methodologies needed in these various application areas. Applied mathematics in partnership with computational science is essential in solving many real-world problems. Through publications, research, and community, the mission of SIAM is to build cooperation between mathematics and the worlds of science and technology. More ...

## About Moody’s Mega Math Challenge

The M^{3} Challenge spotlights applied mathematics as a powerful problem-solving tool, as a viable and exciting profession, and as a vital contributor to advances in an increasingly technical society. Scholarship prizes total $115,000. The Challenge is entirely Internet-based and there are no registration or participation fees. Each high school may enter up to two teams of three to five junior and/or senior students. More ...